For students at other age groups, changes in homework loads were insignificant. At grade 8, countries with the greatest emphasis on homework with 50 percent or more of their students at the high level of the category included Romania, Italy, and Russia. There are many skills students can learn as they receive assignments, such as following directions, taking notes from oral instructions, asking for clarification, identifying a goal, and planning and organizing their work Nuzum, The surprising truth about what motivates us. Education Week, 26 2 , 52, Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 25 3 ,

Ana Rivas Logan Alberto M. Dierson concluded that each strategy varied in its ability to increase homework completion rates: Nuzum stated that focusing on the quantity of homework ignores the more important goal of ensuring the homework assigned is meaningful. There are many skills students can learn as they receive assignments, such as following directions, taking notes from oral instructions, asking for clarification, identifying a goal, and planning and organizing their work Nuzum, They found that the percent of students who completed at least 75 percent of their homework increased significantly. High-achieving students, for example, may do more homework because they enjoy studying and take more challenging courses that require them to complete more homework. What research says about the value of homework.

Schooling beyond measure and other unorthodox essays about education.

corno 1996 homework is a complicated thing

The State of Queensland. Drawbacks of Homework Critics say it is questionable whether homework, done at the end of a long day when motivation and concentration are low, has any benefits at all Leone, ; James, The Battle Over Homework 2nd ed.


The following articles are merged in Scholar. Linver, Brooks-Gunn, and Roth stated that if students are assigned creative and challenging tasks, homework is more likely to have a positive impact on learning.


Because any student can have a bad night, teachers might consider giving students one free excuse, discarding the lowest or missing score on a series of assignments, or requiring only a certain percentage of assignments to be turned in on time Bluestein, b; Battle-Bailey, ; Dierson, ; Forster, ; Tavares, Issues in Educational Research, 10 1 However, students who reported studying between one to three hours per day received scores that were as high or higher than students who reported studying more than three hours per day International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement, How parental pressure and material advantage are creating a generation of disconnected and unhappy kids.

Homework calendars, sent to parents on a monthly basis, also included lists of daily activities parents could complete with their children.

corno 1996 homework is a complicated thing

Researchers have suggested several strategies that may help to increase homework completion rates: National Foundation for Educational Research. By Isa Deveci, Ph.

Teachers are responsible for: A Bridge Too Far? A Bridge Too Far? Most researchers recommend that teachers take a middle ground and assign a moderate amount of homework Clemmitt, ; Cooper et al. Most have positive attitudes toward homework and believe it is helping students do well in school.

(PDF) Literature Review Homework | Thai Trang –

While homework is seen as one element of course grades in the majority of U. Comparisons of students from a western U. Remedial and Special Education, 19 5 An emerging agenda for middle level reform.


The available body of research findings on homework is complex, fragmented, and contradictory. If they’d only do their work! Helping Your Child With Homework. Education Digest, 81 216— Multicultural Education, 12 4 Benefits of Homework Proponents of homework believe it can benefit students when used appropriately.

Principal Leadership, 7 18—9. Should a school tell your kid they are fat?

The Center for Public Education chowever, has recommended that districts refrain from establishing formal homework policies and instead develop guidelines at the individual school level.

However, a comparison of students completing any homework at all indicated that Black and Hispanic students spent more time doing homework than White students. In addition, most U.

Cooper maintained that developing individualized homework assignments takes a considerable amount of teacher time and does not appear to raise student achievement enough to justify the additional time required. There is evidence that students have individual preferences or homework styles, which relate to aspects of the environment and mode of learning.

Review of Literature on Homework.